Useful information for online researchers
 Top search tips

 Internet safety

 Choosing the right site

 Parent and teacher advice

 Our Privacy Policy

There are billions of sites on the Internet, so how do you find the ones that are fun or useful? We want your searches for information to be fast and rewarding. Here are 8 tips for using internet search engines to find just the right site for you.

1. Start with the obvious. Looking for Picasso? Type in Picasso instead of modern painters.

2. Be specific. You get more accurate search results if you ask for antique lead soldiers instead of metal toys.

3. Consider phrases that would appear on a website. You might think about fun places to go this summer, but will probably get better results if you type in "family vacation destination".

4. + (plus) searches. Search engines ignore common words like and or is because they can slow down your results. If you include a common word in your search, put a + sign in front of it, with a space before the +. To find information on World War I, for example, type World War +I.

5. - (minus) searches. Sometimes you want information on a word that has more than one meaning: Bass can mean a type of fish or a musical term. Use the - (minus) sign to exclude results you don't want.
For web pages about bass, the fish, type bass -music into the search box.

6. OR searches. To retrieve pages that include any of a group of words related to your main search term, type an uppercase OR between the words. To find information about camping in France or Italy, type camping France OR Italy. You'll get results for both.

7. Phrase searches. It's handy to search for complete phrases, or proper names, by enclosing them in quotation marks. Words in double quotes ("I have a dream" or "Martin Luther King") appear together in all the results exactly as you've typed them.

8. (~) tilde searches. If you want to search for a keyword and its synonyms - words that have the same or similar meaning - add the tilde (~) sign immediately in front of your keyword. For example, to search for food facts as well as nutrition and cooking information, type in~food ~facts.

For Kids

The Internet can be great fun, but it does have both positive and negative aspects.

 Always get permission from an adult before connecting to the Internet.

 Never arrange to meet someone you have talked to online, no matter how well you think you know the other person or however curious you may be.

 If they have your email address some websites will send you lots of junk emails trying to sell you things, or messages that make you feel uncomfortable. This is called 'spamming'.

 When online, keep your full name, address, mobile number, email address, school name and friends' full names secret. Otherwise people can use this information to contact you.

 Delete any emails from strangers or from companies that you don't know. If you open an email that says rude or unpleasant things, you must tell a trusted adult straight away - and don't reply to it.

The dkonline.encyclopedia website doesn't recommend any chatrooms or message boards, but if you do use them here are some useful guidelines.

 Chats and message boards are fun, but remember you don't know who you're talking to. Remember stranger danger - you should use the same rules when you're online.

 When you register or join a new message board or chat room, make sure you tell a trusted adult about it.

 Your passwords and nicknames you use anywhere on the Internet should be secret. If you have to give an online screen name or nickname, never use your real name.

 If you're upset or worried by things said to you in a chat room or message board, tell an adult.

 Don't forget you can always simply leave the website or chatroom if anything makes you feel uncomfortable or worried.

You can download and print these Nets Smart rules from the NCH and keep them by your computer for future reference.

For Adults- Filtering Software

There are many different software packages on the market designed to protect a web user from viewing any material they don't want to.
These register whether a site has unsuitable material on it - such as violent images or adult material - and it prevents the site loading in your browser.
The settings on this can be altered to filter as little or as much as you want.
Some even offer the option of selecting a list of 'good' and 'bad' sites - where the 'good' sites are the only ones the child can visit.

To help you out, here are some websites of the suppliers of more popular software which automatically blocks or screens material on the Internet;

It's true that objectionable content is available on the Internet, but no blocking software is 100% successful in filtering all "bad" sites. Often blocking software can inadvertently censor genuinely worthwhile information and perfectly "good" sites.
Remember, a determined student can defeat any product that is installed on the local PC, and no software can ever replace a parent talking to a child.

The BBC has some useful information for kids at

and the BBCi ChatGuide at
has some good suggestions.

The Internet Watch Foundation at
may also be useful.

Other useful sites:

Both the UK and US governments have Internet safety websites, with various recommendations that you may find useful.



Secure browser settings

You can control the content viewable on your Internet browser with various tools, so they only show sites that contain suitable material for your child.

Bear in mind, these settings are very simple to change and can be switched off as well as on.

In the Internet Options tab in Tools on your browser, you can find the Internet Explorer Content Advisor function under Content.

You should be able to select a security or privacy option, which you can set to whatever level you desire.

In Netscape, select the 'Edit' menu and choose 'Preferences', then select the 'Security' or 'Privacy' settings before choosing the level of content you wish your child to have access to.

For detailed information from Microsoft on Internet Explorer, follow this link.

You can get also more technical information here

Safe Chatting

The dkonline.encyclopedia does not link directly to any chatrooms or message boards, but these environments are extremely popular with children of all ages.

They get the chance to interact and talk about all kinds of topics that interest them - but they are a difficult child safety issue.

 The Internet can provide anonymity for people who go into chat rooms and pretend to be someone they aren't.

 Make sure your children know this, and encourage them not to reveal any personal information, such as phone numbers, e-mail addresses and school locations

 You won't be able to stop them chatting on the net, so try to encourage them to use mutually agreed chat rooms that are properly moderated.

 Accept that chat is fun, but make sure they know that they can tell you about anything that happens in a chat room - however upsetting it might be.

 If your child does receive an unsuitable message, make sure your child knows that it isn't their fault - it can happen to anyone.

 You should then contact the website or chat room host.

There's more information at
Provided by the charity Childnet.

gives information and advice from one of the UK's leading children's charities on all aspects of Internet access and safety for children.

Choosing the right site

Each keyword in the book can be entered on any page of the website. For each of these keywords, our researchers have picked a number of other web pages that they think merit a visit.

The websites we recommend add to the information we provide on the printed page, and together the book and website are invaluable 21st century research tools, covering a wide range of subjects.

 Multimedia web features can enhance the learning experience, experts in a field can add detail, and topical sites can provide news on developments and discoveries.

 By clicking on any of the "Pictures" links in each section, you can browse a selection of free DK photographs and illustrations, ideal for printing out to label or include in your projects.

We've tried to link to pages on websites that are age-appropriate, and that are informative, up-to-date, and accurate. However, we don't have any control over these sites, and content may change. We'll update and check these sites regularly, but if you find any links that are broken, incorrect, or inappropriate, you can email us here.

Here are some links to free downloads on the Internet that may help to view or use the content on some of the websites we recommend. (Often you won't need to download these, or you'll be prompted by the sites if you need them.)

 QuickTime Player
 An application for playing, or interacting with, any video, audio, VR,
 or graphics file that is compatible with QuickTime.

 Flash Player
 A plug-in for viewing content developed in Macromedia Flash.

 A widely-used multimedia player.

These links to different browsers may also be useful if you experience problems.


 Internet Explorer

This website is designed to provide extra online information to the dkonline.encyclopedia book. In linking to pages on the World Wide Web, we hope to encourage and assist children in online research skills, however we do recommend that younger children are supervised when using the Internet.

We hope our recommended links provide useful information for learning at home and at school, but to directly copy (cut and paste) information from any of the websites we recommend is plagiarism, and should not be encouraged. The content of the websites are often copyright-controlled, and are an information resource that should not be abused.

Your Children Online

To properly protect your children online, you should find out about the kind of things they're interested in on the net, and then you can introduce additional software and browser functions to stop them stumbling across unsuitable sites.

The Internet can be a very positive place for children to explore, and although you and your child should be aware of the dangers, exploring it should be a positive and open activity.

 Sit with them and offer assistance while they surf; you could create
 a routine by agreeing a set time each day for them to use the net.

 If you worry about them viewing unsuitable material,
 select a number of mutually agreed suitable web sites,
 and put them in a favourites folder.

 You could even consider putting the computer in a busier room
 in the house, so they aren't hidden out the way.

 Try talking to them about Internet safety and encourage them
 to be 'smart' rather than dictating rules.

For Kids

Hey you! Are you 13 yet? You're not?
Well, then it's your lucky day. You don't need to read all this stuff, just ask one of the grown ups you live with, or your teacher, to do all the work. Ask them to click on this link and start reading for you. If you're 13 already, we're afraid you've got some reading to do.

So, who are we?

This is the web site of the Dorling Kindersley book, the dkonline.encyclopedia.

Where are we?

If you want to ask us a question about the web site or what we do with things you tell us about yourself:

Write to us at
The Editor,
Children's Division
Dorling Kindersley Limited
80 Strand, London
United Kingdom

Or email us here.

Who are you?

You know the answer to this one already, but we don't. So sometimes we will ask you to tell us how we can get in touch with you.

When will we do that, then?

 When you ask us to send you an email newsletter we'll need your email address so we can send it to you.

 All our emails tell you how you can unsubscribe if you want to.

 If you plan to send in an email to the site, ask a parent or other adult to check out clause 6 of our General Terms and Conditions and to help you with what you send.

You tell us about yourself - then what?

If you come and visit our web site then we promise that we won't go telling anyone else the stuff you've told us. That would be pretty rude. The only time we'll share what you've said to us about yourself will be when we've already told you we were going to and you'll be able to tell us "no".

Hey you! You're not 13 yet are you?

Didn't we tell you not to read all this? Aren't you bored yet? Ask an adult to read what's below. They're used to being bored.

For Adults

This is the web site of the Dorling Kindersley Book, the dkonline.encyclopedia, and is owned and operated by Dorling Kindersley Limited.

How to contact us
If you have any questions about this web site or our privacy policy, please contact us by writing to

The Editor,
Children's Division
Dorling Kindersley Limited
80 Strand, London
United Kingdom

Or email us here.

Alternatively you can call us 020 7010 2000 or send a fax to 020 7010 6685.

Our approach to privacy

We do not ask users to disclose any more information than is reasonably necessary to enable them to participate in an activity on our web site and to ensure that our web site is in keeping with our customer's needs.

We do not generally disclose personal information we have collected from you or your child through this web site to third parties. We may do so sometimes, in which case we will say so when the information is collected and you or your child will be able to inform us that you do not wish us to do this. This will not stop you enjoying the site, you can simply tell us that you are happy for us to have the information so you can take part in the activities we offer, but that you do not want us to pass that information on.

Besides what we describe in this Privacy Policy, we do not maintain any personal information obtained from users through this web site in a retrievable form.

The information we collect and how we use it

When you or your child wants to participate in activities on our web site, this is the sort of information we ask for and how we use it:

 When you subscribe to receive any of our emails or newsletters we will ask for your email address.

 On all emails and newsletters that we send, we give you the option to unsubscribe should you wish to do so. You can unsubscribe by advising us by email, phone, fax or post.

We only keep the personal information you submit for these purposes until we have made use of it in these ways.

Adults on the dkonline.encyclopedia web site

We encourage parents and guardians to spend time online with their children and to participate in the activities offered on this site. If your child is younger than 13, we ask you to play an active role in safeguarding his or her privacy when using our site.

Children under 13 years of age

We make it a condition of using this site that no information is submitted to or posted at the site by children under 13 unless we have the written postal consent of their parent or guardian. Whenever a child under 13 takes part in an offer or activity on the site where we ask him or her for personal information we will ask for your consent, which should be sent by post to the Editor at the above address. No information will be processed until the postal consent has been received.

Older children

If your child is older than 13, we will ask him or her to give consent personally if we plan to use his or her information for anything (we will also say what we plan to do with it). Please help your children with this. There is a separate Privacy Policy written for children over 13 which he or she needs to read before using this site and which can be accessed by clicking here.